Xenotransplantation (transplanting biological components between members of different species)
Xenotransplantation involves the transplanting of biological components – organs, tissues or cells – from one species into another, for example, from animal to human or from human to animal.
Transplantation from animals to humans may involve cells, tissues, or organs taken from animals, or human fluids, cells, or tissues that have been in out-of-body contact with animal cells, tissues, or organs. One of the main reasons for transplanting animal organs into humans is the significant shortage of human organs available for transplantation. The ability to use animal organs instead could lead to shorter waiting periods, thus saving and improving human lives. This is a medical procedure with both personal and social benefits.
Transplantation of biological components from humans to animals is performed for the purpose of researching diseases and developing drugs and treatments.
Selected ethical issues:
- Exploiting, sacrificing, and objectifying animals for human gain.
- Breeding animals for human use and creating organs designated for transplant (through genetic engineering) for human medical benefit.
- Unknown impact on the human race.
- Fear of transferring currently incurable animal diseases to the human population, as a result of unknown impacts of viruses hidden in animal tissues on the recipients.
- Enriching biotech companies under the guise of caring for human welfare.
[OED1]Very long sentence/awkward