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Law and Charter

Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities Law
1961 (5721)
 
  1. There is hereby established the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities (herein referred as "the Academy").

  2. The objects and functions of the Academy are:

    (1) to enlist as its members distinguished scholars and scientists resident in Israel;
    (2) to cultivate and promote scholarly and scientific endeavor;
    (3) to advise the Government on activities relating to research and scientific planning of national significance;
    (4) to maintain contact with parallel bodies abroad;
    (5) in coordination with institutions of the State, to ensure the representation of Israel scholarship and science at international institutions and conferences;
    (6) to publish writings calculated to promote scholarship and science;
    (7) to engage in any other activity calculated to serve the aforesaid objects.
  3. The seat of the Academy shall be in Jerusalem.

  4. The Academy shall be a body corporate, competent to assume any obligation or right and to perform any legal act. For the purpose of the Income Tax Ordinance, the Academy is considered an institution of a public character for matters of culture, education and science: every business transaction of the Academy and all its properties will be exempt from all dues, property taxes, or other obligatory payments which are payable to the State or to a local authority.

  5. The members of the Academy shall be the members of the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the National Academy of Sciences and Humanities, appointed by Government resolution dated 26 Cheshvan, 5719/9 November, 1958, and further members to be elected by the Academy at a General Meeting.

  6. A member of the Academy shall be a member thereof for life: Provided that his membership shall terminate -
    (1) if he requests the President of the Academy, in writing, to regard his place as vacant; or
    (2) if he ceases to be a resident of Israel and is not a non-resident member; or
    (3) if he is convicted of an offense by final judgment and the Academy finds that in the circumstances of the case the offense involves moral turpitude.

  7. The President of the Academy shall be appointed by the President of the State, upon the recommendation of the Academy, from among the members resident in Israel. The President of the Academy shall be appointed for three years, but he shall continue in office until the next appointment of a President of the Academy; the Deputy President shall be elected by the Academy.

  8. The Academy shall consist of a Humanities Section and a Science Section. Each Section shall elect a Chairperson of the Section.

  9. The affairs of the Academy shall be managed by the Council of the Academy.

  10. The Council of the Academy shall consist of the President of the Academy, the Deputy President, the Chairperson of the Humanities Section, the Chairperson of the Science Section and an Administrative Director to be appointed by the other members of the Council. In the absence of the President, his place shall be taken by the Deputy President. In the absence of both the President and the Deputy President, the Council shall elect an Acting President, from among the members of the Academy, for the duration of the absence of the President and the Deputy President.

  11. The Academy shall convene for a General Meeting as may be necessary, but at least once a year, for the following purposes:
    (1) to do any act assigned to the General Meeting by this Law or by the Rules;
    (2) to decide upon the approval of the reports of the Council, the plan of operations of the Academy and its institutions, which shall be submitted by the Council, the report of the auditor and the draft budget;
    (3) to decide upon any other matter which will be placed on the agenda of the General Meeting by the Council or by five of the members of the Academy.

  12. The Academy may elect eminent scholars and scientists resident abroad as non-resident members of the Academy.

  13. The Minister of Education and Culture is charged with the implementation of this Law.

  14. The Academy may, in consultation with the Minister of Education and Culture, make the Rules of the Academy, prescribing, inter alia -
    (1) the rules - in so far as not prescribed by this Law - by which the Academy shall elect its members and officers;
    (2) the work procedure of the Academy and its institutions;
    (3) the management of property and monies;
    (4) the status and rights of non-resident members.

  15. (a) The Rules of the National Academy of Sciences and Humanities which were approved by the Government on the 10th Elul, 5719/13 September, 1958, except the provisions thereof embodied in the Law, shall, mutatis mutandis, be the Rules of the Academy so long as they are not varied or replaced under section 14.
    (b) Any election to the Academy and any appointment to an office therein, and any act for the furtherance thereof or the furtherance of its activities, which were made or done in accordance with the Rules of the Academy before the coming into force of this Law, shall be valid as from the day they were made or done.

CHARTER OF THE
ISRAEL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
5722/1962 (Amended 5736/1975; 5746/1986)
 
 
Prepared and amended in consultation with the Minister of Education and Culture, in accordance with section 14 of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities Law.
 
Chapter One: Membership of the Academy
 
  1. 1. The number of members in each section shall not exceed thirty-five, provided that members over seventy-five years of age and non-resident members shall not be included in that number.

  2.  So long as the number of members in either Section has not reached thirty-five, the Academy may elect every year not more than five members to that Section, in addition to the members thereof on the date of publication of these Regulations in Reshumot, until the number of members in each Section reaches thirty-five.

  3. (a) The candidates for membership in each Section shall be proposed, in writing, by three members of that Section to the Chairperson thereof, no later than two weeks before the date of the meeting.
    (b) A committee consisting of six members - three representatives of each Section - may propose to the Board of the Academy, in writing, a candidate or candidates for membership in addition to those proposed by the Section.

  4. (a) From the list of candidates proposed under Regulation 3(a) the Section shall, by secret ballot and by a two-thirds majority of those present at the voting, elect the number of candidates which it is permitted to elect to that Section under Regulation 2: the quorum at the voting for the election of candidates shall be a majority of the members of the Section.
    (b) From the list of candidates proposed under Regulation 3(b), the Board shall, by secret ballot and by unanimous vote of those present at the voting, elect the candidate or candidates to be proposed for final election by an Annual General Meeting of the Academy; the Board shall determine to which Section the candidate shall belong when finally elected; the quorum at the voting for the election of a candidate under this sub-regulation shall be three of the following four: the President, the Vice-President and the two chairpersons of the Sections.

  5. The list of candidates elected as provided by Regulation 4(a) or (b) shall be transmitted, for final election, to the Annual General Meeting of the Academy attended by at least half of the members of the Academy; the election shall be by secret ballot and by a two-thirds majority of those present at the meeting.

  6. The President of the Academy shall announce the election of the new members after having received their consent; the membership of a new member shall begin on the day of receipt of his consent to serve as a member of the Academy.

  7. Non-resident members shall be elected in the manner prescribed in Regulations 3 through 6, and, when visiting Israel, they shall be entitled to attend General Meetings of the Academy and the meetings of the Section to which they belong, but without a right to vote.

    Chapter Two: Meetings of the Academy
  8. The Academy shall convene for an Annual General Meeting at the end of each academic year, and its functions shall be, as may be necessary: the election of a candidate for President, the election of the Vice-President, the election of members of the Academy, and the matters within its competence according to section 11 of the law.

  9. An Ordinary or Special Meeting (herein-after called "the Plenum") shall convene pursuant to a resolution of the Board or at the request of not less than one fifth of the members of the Academy; the Plenum shall also convene at the invitation of the Board to hear scientific lectures or on the occasion of important events.

  10. The quorum at General Meetings of the Academy shall be a simple majority of the members of the Academy present in Israel at the time, except in those cases for which a different quorum is prescribed by these Regulations.

  11. Invitations to General Meetings shall be sent by post to the members of the Academy at least 21 days before the date of the meeting and shall include the agenda of the meeting.

  12. The sessions of the General Meeting shall be closed to the public, unless the Board resolve upon an open session; an open session shall be held at least once a year.

  13. The voting at General Meetings shall, as a general rule, be by a show of hands, except in a case for which a secret ballot is prescribed by these Regulations, or in which one of the members who has a right to vote has, prior to the voting, demanded the holding of a secret ballot; the resolutions shall be passed by a simple majority, except in a case for which a larger majority is prescribed by these Regulations; in the event of an equality of votes, the chairperson shall have a casting vote.

  14. The results of the voting shall be determined by the chairperson, and the minutes confirmed by him/her shall be considered as proof of the results of the voting; if the chairperson is unable to confirm the minutes, the Board shall confirm them.

  15. The validity of resolutions of the Academy shall not be affected by the vacancy of the place of a member, or by a defect in the process of the appointment or election of a member, or by non-delivery of the invitation to a member.

  16. (a) Each Section shall hold at least one meeting annually, convened by the Chairperson of that Section.
    (b) The Chairperson of each Section may call additional meetings of the Section; s/he is obliged to do so upon the request of five members of the Section
    (c) Invitations to Section meetings will be sent to the members at least two weeks prior to each meeting; the Chairperson of the Section may, in special circumstances, request that members attend a meeting on shorter notice.
    (d) The invitation to the Section meetings shall include the agenda of the meeting.
    (e) Persons who are not members of a Section may participate and lecture at Section meetings upon the invitation of the Chairperson of the Section.
    (f) The meetings of the Section shall be open to the public at the discretion of the Chairperson of the Section.

    Chapter Three: Administration

  17. (a) The President of the Academy and the Vice-President shall be from different Sections.
    (b) The Vice-President shall be elected by the Academy for a period of three years.
    (c) The Board will appoint a committee of six members of the Academy, three from each Section, whose duty it will be to recommend to the Plenum candidates for the office of President and Vice-President; nominations for these offices may also be proposed to the Plenum by five members of the Academy.
    (d) The voting for President and Vice-President will be conducted by secret ballot.
    (e) If the membership of the President or the Vice-President terminates, or if either one is permanently unable to carry out his/her functions, a Special General Meeting will be called at which a candidate for the presidency or vice-presidency of the Academy shall be chosen in accordance with the provisions of section 7 of the Law and sub-regulations 17a-d, above.
    (f) The newly elected President, Vice-President and members of the Board shall commence their terms as of the beginning of the year, according to the Hebrew calendar.
  18. The Chairpersons of the Sections shall be elected by the Sections by secret ballot for a period of three years. For each Chairperson an Acting Chairperson shall be elected from time to time, whenever necessary, or, in the event of the Chairperson of one of the Sections serving as President or Vice-President, to act for the Chairperson in his/her capacity as a member of the Board of the Academy or in his/her other functions.

  19. Voting of the Board shall be by a show of hands only and the resolutions shall be passed by a simple majority, unless there is a different provision in these Regulations. In the event of an equality of votes, the President shall have a casting vote. The signature of the President or the Acting President on the minutes of meetings shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of those minutes.

  20. The quorum for the meetings of the Board shall be three.

  21. The Board may, on its own motion or upon the proposal of the Sections, appoint committees and sub-committees to deal with problems connected with the functions of the Academy, and it may co-opt to the committees persons who are not members of the Academy.

  22. The Board shall appoint a Publications Committee to deal with publications on behalf of the Academy.

  23. (a) The Administrative Director (hereinafter called "the Director") shall not take part in, or have the right to vote at, deliberations concerning his/her appointment or dismissal or deliberations under Regulation 4(b).
    (b) In the event of the Director being absent, the other members of the Board shall appoint a substitute for the Director or an Acting Director, who shall serve in the capacity of the Director until the appointment of the new permanent Director.

  24. (a) The signatures of two members of the Board, or the signature of the substitute Director, or of the Acting Director jointly with the signature of one of the other members of the Board, shall be binding in administrative and financial matters.
    (b) Whenever necessary the Board may confer the right of signature also on members of the Academy who are not members of the Board, who are authorized in that behalf by a resolution of the Board.

  25. The Academy shall maintain archives and a library for its purposes
    .
  26. The General Meeting shall, upon the proposal of the Board, prescribe rules and provisions for its work and the work of the Sections and committees.

    Chapter Four: Inspection

  27. (a) From time to time, as it sees fit, the Board shall invite a person not in the employ of the Academy to inspect the administrative affairs of the Academy (henceforth: the Internal Auditor).
    (b) The Internal Auditor shall inquire into whether the Administration has acted in accordance with the law and its instructions, and whether the authorities of the Academy and its employees have conducted themselves in conformity with the principles of proper administration.
    (c) In fulfilling his/her task, the Internal Auditor shall not be subject to the authority of any body or person in the Academy, nor shall s/he be dependent upon any such body or person.
    (d) The Internal Auditor shall submit to the Board a report detailing the findings of his/her inspection. Should s/he discover any defects, recommendations for their correction and future prevention shall be incorporated into the report.

  28. The Regulations referred to in section 15(a) of the Law [of 1961] are hereby repealed.

  29. The Plenum, by a three-quarters majority of those present at the meeting, may, after consultation with the Minister of Education and Culture, amend, add to, and delete from the provisions of the regulations.

  30. These Regulations may be cited as "Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities Regulations, 5722/1962 (Amendments 5736/1975; 5746/1986)".